Colonial-era IPC ends, new criminal laws come into effect today: 10 points

Colonial-era IPC ends, new criminal laws come into effect today: 10 points

New Delhi:
India's criminal justice system will undergo a complete overhaul today with three fresh criminal codes replacing British-era laws, including the Indian Penal Code.

Here are the top 10 points in this big story:

  1. Bharatiya Naya Sanhita, Bharatiya Citizen Protection Sanhita and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhanim will replace the Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and Indian Evidence Act.

  2. The government has said that the laws have been changed to ensure speedier justice and to keep pace with the new forms of crime in this day and age. Now judgments are required within 45 days of completion of trial and charges within 60 days of first hearing.

  3. The new rules will allow anyone to lodge a zero FIR at any police station, irrespective of jurisdiction. It will allow online registration of police complaints and electronic service of summons.

  4. They mandate videography of crime scenes for all heinous crimes. Summons can be served electronically, speeding up the legal process.

  5. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has said the change has been made to ensure “speedy justice and justice to all”. He said proper implementation of these laws would require training and forensic teams, whose visits have been made mandatory for offenses punishable by seven years or more.

  6. New provisions have been made to deal with emerging crimes like gang rape, mob murder, false promise of marriage and others. “This will increase the demand for forensic experts across the country, which NFSU (National Forensic Science University) will cater to,” Mr Shah said.

  7. He added that the NFSU was pushed forward as new rules were being framed. Campuses of this university have been opened in 9 states which will be expanded to 16 states.

  8. Opposition parties including the Congress have taken a hasty decision to implement the new criminal laws from July 1. The party said more consultation was needed before implementing them.

  9. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to delay implementation of the “hastily passed” laws. He said that Parliament can then re-examine them.

  10. Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud said, “These laws mark a watershed moment for our society because no law affects the day-to-day conduct of our society like the criminal law.”

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