Dengue cases on the rise: Children more vulnerable, know what to do and what not to do | India News

Dengue is a viral infection caused by mosquitoes. It is a serious disease especially in children because their immune systems are immature

Dengue, vector-borne disease
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Sudeep Singh Rawat New Delhi

Dengue cases are rising rapidly across the country, especially among children, who are more susceptible to the disease due to their weak immune systems. Dengue is a viral infection caused by mosquitoes and its common symptoms are high fever, severe headache, discomfort behind the eyes, rash and pain in joints and muscles.

These symptoms can sometimes be confused with common viral infections, therefore, parents and caregivers need to be cautious. If the early symptoms are not treated, severe dengue, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, can develop. Its side effects include intense abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, bleeding, and difficulty breathing.

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What is dengue fever?

Dengue is a viral infection spread primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which are mostly active during the day. Dengue fever is prevalent in various parts of the country and there is an increase in dengue cases during the monsoon.

What are the symptoms of dengue fever in children?

High fever is accompanied by multiple headaches (usually behind the eyes), general body aches (known as bone-breaking fever) and severe myalgia (muscle pain). Children may have abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, some children may also have rashes on their bodies, while in many cases children also show signs of bleeding (bleeding gums, bleeding skin, blood in stools).

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis of this disease depends on the clinical symptoms and signs and clinical suspicion. Treatment mainly involves treating complications (most of which usually occur after the fever subsides). The main treatment is fluid therapy. Once the diagnosis is made, prevention and treatment are the best keys.

Do's and Don'ts for Dengue in Children

worth doing

  • If children show symptoms like high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, rashes or bleeding, it becomes important to seek medical help.
  • Increase your child's intake of fluids such as water, oral rehydration solutions, coconut water and fresh fruit juices. This will prevent the problem of dehydration.
  • Use mosquito nets or mesh on windows to prevent them from entering your home.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and shoes whenever you go outside, especially during the morning and evening when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Remove stagnant water from mosquito breeding areas. Empty and clean water-collecting containers such as flower pots, bird baths, and pet bowls.
  • Make sure your child gets complete rest and avoid strenuous activities until he or she recovers completely.

what not to do:

  • Do not give non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen without consulting a healthcare professional as they increase the risk of bleeding complications.
  • Do not ignore symptoms like persistent vomiting, stomach pain, difficulty in breathing or bleeding under the skin. In such cases, consult a doctor immediately.
  • Do not give medicines without consulting a healthcare provider as some medicines can make dengue symptoms worse.
  • Avoid leaving water containers sitting around your home. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, so it's important to eliminate this breeding ground.
  • Do not delay consulting a doctor if dengue fever is suspected. Early diagnosis and management are essential for better outcomes.

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