Doctors recommend caution and early detection

New Delhi: While the monsoon has brought respite from the scorching heat, dengue cases have increased in many parts of the country, including Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra. Doctors on Sunday advised caution and also stressed the need for early detection for better results.

Dengue is a vector-borne disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes thrive in warm and humid environments, causing the disease to become endemic in over 100 countries.

“Children are more vulnerable to different types of dengue fever than in previous years. Traditionally, the symptoms are vomiting and abdominal pain along with fever, loss of appetite and general myalgia. But this season, even children with atypical upper respiratory infections and gastro-enteritis are testing positive for dengue,” Santosh Kumar, Senior Consultant and Head – Pediatrics and Neonatology, Motherhood Hospitals, Banashankari, Bengaluru, told IANS.

Karnataka reported 5,374 dengue cases and five deaths; Telangana 882 cases, while Andhra Pradesh reported both dengue and malaria cases, Odisha 288, Kerala's Ernakulam reported 400 cases.

Symptoms like high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, and rashes are the early signs of dengue.

Experts said dengue fever is usually a community outbreak and early diagnosis is important. They said though it mostly resolves on its own, in some cases it can progress to severe dengue, also known as dengue haemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.

Symptoms of persistent vomiting, abdominal pain, bleeding from the mucous membranes, and circulatory failure may indicate a more severe case of dengue.

“Early diagnosis allows timely medication to be administered to alleviate these symptoms, thereby improving patient comfort and quality of life during the course of the disease,” Arvind S.N., chief consultant, internal medicine, Aster R.V. Hospital, Bengaluru, told IANS.

“Early diagnosis not only benefits the individual patient but also plays a vital role in preventing the spread of dengue virus to others. Identifying and isolating infected individuals early in the disease can help prevent further spread of the virus to mosquitoes, thereby breaking the cycle of dengue infection in the community,” he said.

Doctors emphasize maintaining adequate hydration levels as fluid loss caused by fever, vomiting, and diarrhea can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.

Experts have also advised people to take protective precautions, such as avoiding stagnant water where mosquitoes can breed, using mosquito repellents and wearing protective clothing.

This post was last modified on June 30, 2024 9:24 pm

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