First data from ESA's Euclid telescope provides a glimpse into cosmic history

Representational image (iStock Photo)

The European Space Agency (ESA) on Thursday released five unprecedented new views of the universe from the dark universe, investigating the Euclid space mission.

The initial observations, published in a series of 10 scientific papers, come after the first full-color images of the universe are released by the space telescope in November 2023.

The ESA, which will launch the telescope in July 2023, said the images demonstrate Euclid's ability to probe the mysteries of the universe and help scientists “discover uncharted planets, use lensed galaxies to study mysterious substances, and explore the evolution of the universe”.

ESA's Euclid project scientist Valeria Pettorino described it as “an important milestone” and “impressively diverse in terms of the objects and distances observed”.

The new images cover 17 celestial objects, ranging from nearby clouds of gas and dust to distant clusters of galaxies.

In just 24 hours, the telescope captured more than 11 million objects in visible light and more than 5 million objects in infrared light.

Valeria said, “They just give a hint of what Euclid can do. We are looking forward to six more years of data to come!”

These findings also demonstrate Euclid's ability to discover freely floating newborn planets, star clusters outside the Milky Way, low-mass dwarf galaxies in nearby galaxy clusters, the distribution of dark matter in galaxy clusters, and intra-cluster light.

It also shows distant bright galaxies dating back to the first billion years of the universe.


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