ICMR issues 17 dietary guidelines, urges Indians to rethink dietary habits

The latest study reveals that unhealthy diet is the cause of 56.7 percent of disease in India, as it issues 17 essential dietary guidelines to meet the essential need of a balanced diet and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDS). Like obesity and diabetes.

Nutrition plays an important role right from the time the child is born in the mother's womb. A balanced diet helps in overcoming nutrient deficiencies and in the best development of the child. Emphasis is placed on recommendations that can maximize the protective effect of traditional habits.

The National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) under the apex body said that healthy diet and physical activity can reduce the amount of coronary heart disease (CHD) and high blood pressure (HTN) and prevent type 2 diabetes by 80%.

“The risk of premature death can be eliminated by using the right lifestyle techniques,” it says, adding that consumption of processed foods rich in fat, sugar and salt can reduce the risk of premature death. Due to growth, lack of physical activity and limited access to nutrients, food is rich. Diverse categories, worsening micronutrient deficiencies and overweight problems.

The National Institute of Nutrition recommends restricting salt intake, eating a diet with adequate amounts of sugar and less oil, getting proper exercise, cutting down on processed food, and taking all precautions seriously.

ICMR's 17 dietary guidelines:

  • Eat a variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet
  • Pregnant women and new mothers should have access to additional food and health care
  • Ensure exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months; Continue breastfeeding for two years and beyond
  • After six months of age, the baby should be fed homemade semi-solid complementary foods.
  • Ensure adequate and appropriate diets for children and adolescents in health and illness
  • eat lots of vegetables and beans
  • Use oil/fat in moderation; Choose a variety of oilseeds, nuts, etc. to meet daily needs of fat and essential fatty acids
  • Get good homogeneity proteins and essential amino acids; Avoid protein supplements to build muscle
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent abdominal obesity, overweight and overall obesity
  • Be physically active, exercise regularly
  • limit salt intake
  • Eat safe and clean foods
  • Make sure proper pre-cooking and cooking methods are used
  • drink plenty of water
  • Minimize intake of ultra-processed foods and high fat, sugar, salt
  • Give priority to nutrient-rich foods in the diet of elderly people
  • Read information on food labels

It also recommends adopting a healthy lifestyle to eliminate the risk of obesity, diabetes and other cardiovascular problems. Consumers should read all information labeled on items to make informed and healthy food choices.

The Dietary Guidelines for Indians (DGI) have been drafted by a multidisciplinary committee of experts led by Dr Hemlatha R, Director, ICMR-NIN and have undergone multiple scientific reviews.

Seventeen guidelines are listed in the DGI:

“Through DGI, we emphasize that the most logical, sustainable and long-term solution to all forms of malnutrition is to ensure availability, accessibility and affordability of nutrient-rich foods while promoting the consumption of diverse foods The guidelines include scientific evidence-based information that will facilitate the achievement of the goals stated in the National Nutrition Policy,” Hemalatha said.

ICMR Director General Dr Rajeev Bahl said, there have been significant changes in the dietary habits of Indians over the last few decades, leading to an increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, while some problems of undernutrition still persist.

“I am glad that these guidelines have been made very relevant to the changing food landscape in India with practical messages and suggestions on dealing with food safety, choosing minimally processed foods, importance of food labels and physical activity. I am sure That these will, Bahl said, “complement the government's efforts to promote holistic nutrition and health of our people.”

To get hit, eat fit

A balanced diet should not contain more than 45% of calories from cereals and millets and 15% from pulses, beans and meat. The rest should be comprised of vegetables, nuts and fruits, and milk products.

It is also noted by NIN that Indians are dependent on grains due to the high cost of meat, pulses and other rich foods, resulting in low intake of essential macronutrients and micronutrients.

Low intake of these leads to metabolic disruption, diabetes problems and the risk of insulin resistance and other disorders at a very young age.

published by:

ITGD Senior Deputy Editor

Published on:

13 May 2024

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