ISRO to carry out next Venus mission? Here is what Chairman Somnath said

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chairman S Somnath on Tuesday announced that India’s mission to Venus, the brightest planet in the solar system, has been set up. He said the payloads have been prepared for the mission, which is a major step in India’s space exploration efforts after the successful launch of the moon mission Chandrayaan-3 in August this year.

ISRO Chairman S Somnath (File)

“We have many missions in the conceptual stage. One mission to Venus is already planned. The payloads for it are already ready,” Somnath said while addressing the Indian National Science Academy in Delhi.

Describing it as an interesting planet, he said that studying Venus can answer many questions in the field of space science.

“Zenus is a very interesting planet. It also has an atmosphere. It has a very thick atmosphere. The atmospheric pressure is 100 times higher than Earth’s and it’s full of acid. You can’t penetrate the surface. You don’t know Its surface is hard or not, why are we trying to understand all this? Earth may one day be Venus, I don’t know. Maybe after 10 thousand years we (Earth) will change our characteristics, Earth will never be. It wasn’t like that. A habitable place long ago,” said Somnath.

Venus, the second planet from the Sun, is Earth’s closest neighbor in the Solar System. It is one of the four terrestrial and inner planets and is also called Earth’s twin due to its similarity in size and density.

In 2016, the European Space Agency (ESA) launched a mission to Venus—Venus Express—which orbited from 2006 to 2016.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has launched several flybys and other missions to Venus. He announced in 2022 that his spacecraft had obtained the first visible light images of Venus in a 2021 flyby mission. Future NASA missions to Venus are expected in 2029, 2030 and 2031.

After the success of Chandrayaan 3, ISRO launched India’s first space mission to study the Sun, the Aditya L1 spacecraft, on September 2 this year. Aditya-L1 is the first Indian space-based observatory to first study the Sun from a halo orbit around the Sun-Earth Lagrangian point (L1), located about 1.5 million km from Earth.

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