What causes solar storms? Indian scientists say.

Video: What causes solar storms?  Indian scientists say.

Chances of solar flares are high at this time.

New Delhi:

A celestial event unfolds as solar flares and coronal mass ejections litter the sky, possibly extending the spectacle as far south as Alabama and northern California in the US.

However, along with the beautiful aurora, there are concerns about potential disruptions to Earth's communications networks this weekend.

Explaining the phenomenon, a scientist said that solar flares are common and happen all the time.

“This is when the Sun reaches the peak of its activity in an 11-year cycle. Every 11 years, the Sun's activity goes from high to low, and in 2025 this activity is going to peak.” Institute for Plasma Research Center officer Dr Ravi AV Kumar told news agency ANI.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center, this solar storm rarity dates back to October 2003, marking a significant celestial event not seen in many years.

Solar flares are more likely to come out at this time, the scientist said, because they are highly charged plasma particles that can travel at high speeds. He added that the faster these particles move, the more dangerous they are.

“Since these are charged particles from the Sun, they can be deflected by the Earth's magnetic field. Some of these deflected particles can end up in the Earth's polar regions, which then become gas molecules in the upper atmosphere,” Dr Kumar said. interact with,” said Dr. Kumar.

“… They produce a color called the aurora. When a very strong solar flare like the one that happened yesterday, combines with the Earth's atmosphere and magnetic field, it produces the aurora. Northern Italy,” Dr. Kumar said

“Aurora can also be seen in Ladakh… Flares come and go; they don't affect us directly but can affect our daily activities like communication as satellites can be disrupted. Satellite TV Signals and radio communication are also disrupted,” the scientist said.

Solar cycles, characterized by fluctuations in sunspot activity, determine the Sun's behavior, moving from periods of relative calm to intense activity and back again. The current cycle, Solar Cycle 25, has exceeded expectations in terms of activity, with NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center noting an increase in sunspot counts over the previous cycle's peak.

With input from ANI

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