What effect did the Supreme Court's race-conscious admissions decision have on college applications?


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Brief summary:

  • The percentage of Asian, Black, Latinx and white students who mentioned at least one race or ethnicity-related phrase in their Common Application essays declined in 2023-24, the first full college application cycle after the Supreme Court ruled last year to bar race-conscious admissions, according to the study. A study released in June Via the Common App.
  • Overall, however, there were no meaningful deviations from historical trends in students’ application behavior in the 2023-24 application cycle on the Common App — including in how they self-identify their racial or ethnic identity. Which allows students to apply to hundreds of institutions using a single form.
  • Common App researchers began studying application trends. An end to caste-conscious admissions in June 2023. However, he found more meaningful Change Around the 2020 season, during the COVID-19 pandemic and the upcoming test-optional policy Change In many colleges.

Dive Insights:

The share of high-achieving racial or ethnic minority students applying to selective institutions has declined steadily and more sharply since 2019-20 than their non-minority peers, according to a study of national application data from nearly six million domestic applicants over the past five years.

A year ago on Saturday, the Supreme Court in its verdict had struck down caste-conscious admissions. Students for Fair Admissions v. Harvard And SFFA vs. University of North Carolina Reversing this trend could add an additional wrinkle.

,“We can't say how long or when it would 'typically' take for such policy effects to show up in our application data, because how students, counselors, schools and others respond to policy changes depends entirely on context,” said Brian Kim, the study's lead researcher and director of data science, research and analysis at the Common App. “It could take another year. Some of the response to the policy may have already happened last year and partly this year, making it seem less obvious.”

2023 decision The decision on race-conscious admissions was expected to have an impact on how high school students enter post-secondary education, as well as how teachers and counselors view the college application process. The decision also put pressure on the K-12 system to counteract this decision by increasing support for black and Latino students.

According to estimates from California State University, Sacramento, the end of race-conscious admissions is expected to lead to a 10% decline in black and Hispanic enrollment at some higher education institutions. 2009 study Similar bans on the practice have been imposed in the states.

Other studies found There was a small decrease in statewide enrollment of racial or ethnic minority students following the ban on race-conscious admissions, and a larger decline at more selective institutions.

However, there have been few studies on whether the 2023 Supreme Court decision has a direct impact on student applications and college admissions practices.“More study is needed here,” Kim said in an email.

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